徵集綠起 歷史演進 崢嶸歲月 典藏照片 臺機檔案 互動園地
 
Extraordinary Years
Railway Vehicles

TMMC had a long and brilliant history in manufacturing railway vehicles, and had experience with vehicles of the sugar industry railway, Taiwan Railway Administration, forest railway and special vehicles. TMMC had manufactured steam locomotives for light railways as early as the Japanese Colonial Period when it was Taiwan Steel Works; the coal loader of its steam locomotive had a slanted design that made it popular on sugar industry railways. After World War II, TMMC continued to make steam locomotives for light railways of Taiwan Sugar Corporation and the Forestry Bureau.

照片:臺糖鐵路汽油車Taiwan Sugar Corporation gasoline motor car
“Thirty years of TMMC,” 1977, page 84

TMMC expanded its steel products factory on July 1st, 1968 in response to Taiwan’s rapidly progressing economy in the 1960s; TMMC used its black sheet rolling factory for establishing a cold welding factory, and used it to produce railway vehicles and for cold welding. At the same time, TMMC began technology cooperation with Amsterdam Company and produced bogies required by railway vehicles, increasing the ratio of self manufactured content. The following year TMMC added a vehicle factory dedicated to manufacturing passenger and container vehicles, and set up a machinery factory with light cold hardening equipment and relatively old machine processing equipment of its original machinery factory.

With regards to bogies, TMMC successfully developed a bogie for TR-204 container vehicles in 1975, which was first installed in grain vehicles; TMMC successfully developed a power bogie for Alishan Railway in 1980; TMMC cooperated with British Rail Engineering Ltd. in 1992 and completed the TR-54 bogie for passenger vehicles, allowing vehicles of Taiwan Railway Administration’s Chukuang Express and Fusing Express that originally relied on import to be able to replace its parts with domestic products.

照片:阿里山鐵路用動力轉向架Power bogie used by Alishan Railway
“TMMC Semimonthly,” March 31st, 1980 Third Edition

In 1969, CPC Corporation placed an order for four 50-ton tankers, which were the largest tankers of Taiwan Railways Administration at the time. In 1970, Taiwan Railways Administration purchased 35-ton coal hopper cars from TMMC, and it was the first time coal hopper cars were manufactured domestically. In 1971, TMMC manufactured 30 cabooses for the West Line of Taiwan Railways Administration. The most unique railway vehicle ever to be made by TMMC is probably the “torpedo car” made for China Steel. Of course, the “torpedo car” was never meant to carry torpedoes for naval vessels, but was known for its unique appearance similar to a torpedo. This specially designed vehicle was used to carry molten iron, making it extremely heavy; each torpedo car had up to six bogies to prevent deformation.

The first time TMMC was contracted to manufacture a large quantity of railway vehicles was to manufacture 425 35-ton cargo vehicles of Taiwan Railways Administration in cooperation with Tang Eng Iron Works, in which TMMC was responsible for manufacturing 225 vehicles and Tang Eng Iron Works was responsible for manufacturing 200 vehicles.

TMMC’s railway vehicle manufacturing technology gradually developed towards high-end and special vehicles following Taiwan’s industrial development, and was able to compete in the international market after introducing related technologies. Later on, TMMC began expanding its Southeast Asian market and exported some railway vehicles to Thailand. Low side dumper vehicles for the State Railway of Thailand in 1969 were the first railway vehicles to be exported by TMMC.

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0059/3407/17/001/001 File number:0059/3407/17/001/001
Date of production:May 22nd, 1970
Archive name:Tang Eng Iron Works won the bid for manufacturing 425 35 ton cargo trains, in which TMMC shared 225 cargo trains
Description:The 10th financial meeting of the Executive Yuan
0059/3407/17/001/003 File number:0059/3407/17/001/003
Date of production:August 7th, 1970
Archive name:Tang Eng Iron Works won the bid for manufacturing 425 35 ton cargo trains, in which TMMC shared 225 cargo trains.
Description:Document sent to TMMC from the State-owned Enterprise Commission.
0059/3407/17/001/003 File number:0059/3407/17/001/003
Date of production:July 1st, 1970。
Archive name:Tang Eng Iron Works won the bid for manufacturing 425 35 ton cargo trains, in which TMMC shared 225 cargo trains
Description:Agreement signed between TMMC and Tang Eng Iron Works
0059/3407/17/001/004 File number:0059/3407/17/001/004
Date of production:November 23rd, 1970
Archive name:Tang Eng Iron Works won the bid for manufacturing 425 35 ton cargo trains, in which TMMC shared 225 cargo trains
Description:TMMC held a Taiwan Railways Administration cargo train construction forum
0059/3407/17/001/008 File number:0059/3407/17/001/008。
Date of production:January 25th, 1971
Archive name:3Tang Eng Iron Works won the bid for manufacturing 425 35 ton cargo trains, in which TMMC shared 225 cargo trains
Description:Second meeting with Taiwan Railways Administration and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development on financing for the 425 cargo trains
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