徵集綠起 歷史演進 崢嶸歲月 典藏照片 臺機檔案 互動園地
 
Extraordinary Years
Can containers

After World War II, Taiwan began receiving U.S. aid and gradually rebuilt from the devastation of war, at the same time Taiwan’s economy attempted to develop from an agricultural economy to an industrial economy. In 1950s~1960s, in addition to the traditional sugar industry, Taiwan began exporting agricultural and fishery products, in which the majority were fruits from southern Taiwan. Transport of fresh fruits requires high cost and the technology then was limited, so fruit cans became an important packaging method for export.

照片:馬口鐵(2011.8攝)Photo: Tin plate
(Photographed in 2011.8)

At the time fruit cans used for exports were made from tin plates, leading to the development of a basic material industry. The first hot dip tinning machine used by TMMC for manufacturing tin plates was first used by Taiwan Steel in 1951. TMMC continued to use the machine after Taiwan Steel was merged with TMMC in 1958, but annual output was only 3,000 tons. However, this business was stable, well operated and provided stable profits, and was among few products of TMMC that were mass produced, which mainly manufactured customized products.

The demand on tin plates grew following the rapid growth of the domestic canning industry, TMMC thus purchased two 75” double array hot dip tinning machines from Yawata Steel Works in March 1963; the company provided technology cooperation that allowed annual output to reach 15,000 tons.

After this procurement of new manufacturing equipment in 1963, TMMC sent a document to the Ministry of Economic Affairs to prepare for the announcement of regulations on tin plate processing; contents of the regulations were mainly associated with transaction procedures, including limit, charge, payment, delivery, acceptance and packing.

TMMC expanded its equipment again in 1973, and its new tin-plated sheet factory adopted the patented Ferrostan Process, which manufactured tin plates via electroplating. Trial operations of this equipment were completed in May 1976; the equipment was fully automatic. Starting in April 1978, TMMC implemented subsequent plans for electrolytic tin plate manufacturing equipment, and increased the annual output of electrolytic tin plate to 70~98 thousand tons; this was the second leap in TMMC’s capacity.

Tin plates are among very few products of TMMC that can be repeatedly mass produced and has fixed amount of sales; production often goes on 24 hours non-stop once it begins. According to former employees of TMMC, their salaries were paid in cash every time TMMC sold tin plates to the Bureau of Materials and received payment for the tin plates, showing the importance of tin plates produced in the steel products factory to the stability of TMMC’s financial turnover.

Click on the archives below to see the full image!
0053/012/18/001/001 File number:0053/012/18/001/001
Date of production:March 20th, 1964
Archive name:Regulations of TMMC on processing tin plates
Description:Regulations of TMMC on processing tin plates
0067/3009/6/001/003 File number:0067/3009/6/001/003
Date of production:August 31st, 1978
Archive name:Commissioned the Bureau of Materials to sell tin plates.
Description:Price negotiation meeting minutes
0067/3009/6/007/004 File number:0067/3009/6/007/004
Date of production:May 14th, 1982
Archive name:Commissioned the Bureau of Materials to sell tin plates.
Description:First quotation of prices for tin plates required for new containers of asparagus
0065/3902/5 File number:0065/3902/5
Date of production:September 23rd, 1976
Archive name:Electrolytic tin plate
Description:The document divides tin plates into five grades
National Archives Administrationlink Last Updated:2011.10.11 Total Visitors:24,493 
Today Visitors:17 Yesterday Visitors: 0
Copyright © 2011 National Archives Administration
Preface, Taiwan e-Learning and Digital Archives Program, TELDAP Digital Taiwan - Culture & NatureDownload the research report