徵集綠起 歷史演進 崢嶸歲月 典藏照片 臺機檔案 互動園地
 
Extraordinary Years
Sugar Industry Machinery

Since the Japanese Colonial Period, TMMC the successor of Taiwan Steel Works has had an abundance of experience producing various sugar industry machines.

During early stages sugar industry machinery were mainly imported from Japan and European Countries, but were repaired and maintained by Taiwanese workers. These machines were used to around 1958 after the war and were near their service life, so TMMC implemented a 10-year renewal plan to make sugar industry machinery for Taiwan Sugar Corporation.

Among sugar machines manufactured by TMMC over the years, most were evaporators; crystallization tanks started with the self designed and manufactured low position large belly crystallization tank in 1952, and were installed in Pingtung’s Nanzhou Sugar Refinery; honey extractors were developed in cooperation with Hein Lehmann & Co. in 1962, and were first installed in Changhua’s Qihu Sugar Refinery. In 1978, the automatic honey extractor of Shanhua Sugar Refinery was damaged, besides sending technicians to examine and repair the machine, TMMC also called the original manufacturer in the U.S.

Photo: 蒸發罐 Photo: Evaporator
Source: “TMMC Monthly,” Volume 2, Issue 1, 1968, page 31
Photo: 結晶罐Photo: Crystallization tank
Source: “TMMC Monthly,” Volume 2, Issue 1, 1968, page 33

TMMC maintained a good relationship with Taiwan Sugar Corporation in the several decades of their cooperation; both companies are state-owned enterprise, so they are able to show understanding when there is any inconvenience, as long as it is not too serious. For example, in the early 1970s, construction of the evaporator and crystallization tank in Taiwan Sugar Corporation’s Huwei Headquarters was severely behind schedule as a result of material shortage and the energy crisis, Taiwan Sugar Corporation frequently pressed TMMC to catch up, but in the end felt that the reason was understandable, so Taiwan Sugar Corporation didn’t fine TMMC according to their contract.

In squeezing equipment, roller shells, roller wheels and sugarcane pallets need to be regularly replaced because they are easily worn down when used extensively; these parts manufactured by TMMC are used by Taiwan Sugar Corporation and have been exported to the Ryukyu Islands and Thailand because of TMMC’s excellent material and manufacturing process. Medium sized sugar refineries in Okinawa made 10~20 orders each year. Okinawa Sugar Refinery commissioned TMMC to renew its old rolling machine and manufacture other new parts; both companies have had frequent interaction. Also located in Okinawa, the sugar refinery in Naha City also commissioned TMMC to replace its roller shell in 1979. Closer to Taiwan, the Miyako Sugar Refinery on Miyako Island also purchased parts or commissioned TMMC to renew its parts, and it handled shipping and foreign exchange settlement alike.

The 1970s is known as critical times to Taiwan because it was during this period that Taiwan withdrew from the United Nations, broke off diplomatic relations with Japan, faced two energy crises, broke off diplomatic relations with the United States, and the U.S. Army withdrew from Taiwan.

At that time TMMC supplied Liberia’s Harper City (4.38° north, 7.7° west), which is located in Cape Palmas, with machinery and equipment for an entire sugar factory.

Click on the archives below to see the full image!
0059/3806/9/001/004 File number:0059/3806/9/001/004
Date of production:June 25th, 1971
Archive name:Miyako Sugar Refinery sugar processor and fittings
Description:TMMC’s application to the Bureau of Foreign Trade for import without foreign exchange settlement
0059/3806/9/001/014。 File number:0059/3806/9/001/014
Date of production:July 21st, 1978
Archive name:Miyako Sugar Refinery sugar processor and fittings
Description:The Bureau of Foreign Trade’s approval of TMMC’s application for import without foreign exchange settlement
0063/553/97/001/002。 File number:0063/553/97/001/002
Date of production:July 15th, 1975
Archive name:Continuous honey extractor fittings MBT-63-289
Description:Purchase of continuous honey extractor and fittings from a German company
0060/3219/12/001/001。 File number:0060/3219/12/001/001
Date of production:August 14th, 1971
Archive name:Crystallization tank
Description:Crystallization tank refitting contract signed between Huwei Headquarter and TMMC
0060/3219/12/001/001。 File number:0060/3219/12/001/001
Date of production:September 9th, 1971
Archive name:Crystallization tank
Description:Completion of crystallization tank refitting
National Archives Administrationlink Last Updated:2011.10.11 Total Visitors:21,948 
Today Visitors:17 Yesterday Visitors: 0
Copyright © 2011 National Archives Administration
Preface, Taiwan e-Learning and Digital Archives Program, TELDAP Digital Taiwan - Culture & NatureDownload the research report